Every scientist in agriculture and allied fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the Society of Krishi Vigyan. The aim of the experiment was to determine the effect of simplified tillage and different plant density per area unit on the morphometric characters and yield of faba bean cv Tim. The grafts should have a minimum of 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union. Mango contributes 40% to national fruit production (22.168 million t) and occupies 42% of the total fruit area (24.87 million ha) of the country. Pits are filled first with thirty percent soil (dug previously) then manure mixed 70% soil. 2. Research on canopy management should assess the impact of pruning on flowering, light distribution within the canopy and the leaf area supporting the developing crop. 82cm), scion girth (58. Kesar. The pits are usually made in summer. treatments of 400 and 600 mm were significantly higher than that of treatments of 200 and 0 mm,but there was no significant difference between irrigation 600 and 400 mm.Root distribution was charactered with the highest density in the layer of 0-5 cm,while the least density in the layer of 20-25 cm.The significant differences of underground biomass among treatments only existed in shallow soil layer of 0-5 cm.With proceeding of the growing period,both aboveground and underground biomass increased,but aboveground biomass changed faster.The ratio of root to stem tended to decline in the whole growing period.Aboveground biomass was largely determined by the underground biomass and the statistical determination coefficient for each treatment was above 0.8.Along with the increase of aboveground biomass,the accumulated evapotranspiration(ET) of different irrigation treatments increased and showed very significant difference among different treatments(P0.01).The ET increased rapidly in the early growing period but slower in late.Statistical results indicate that ET was largely determined by aboveground biomass and the determination coefficient of each treatment was above 0.65.The regression model between aboveground biomass and ET was Y=a×ebX. In north India, mango Amrapali is found amenable for high-density planting with a spacing of 2.5m × 2.5m. However, its productivity is 5.83 t/ha in U.P. 2 0 obj after one month ofpruning. The pulp of Amrapali is deep orange-red color which may be used for preparing mango nectar and juice and has about 2.5-3.0 times higher carotene content than its parents. A correlation between temperature and moisture conditions and yield structure components was observed throughout the study period. Methods of Planting. Amrapali, a close spacing of 2.5 x 2.5 m is recommended under North Indian condition. The study indicates that fruit produced from middle age group mango orchard (18 year old) suits to the requirement of consumers as well as industry. as compared to 8.67 t/ha of the country. This experiment was laid out at the Krishi Vigyan Kendra-Panchmahal (ICAR-CIAH), Godhra, Gujarat. Plantation is done at the beginning of the monsoon season. 37 q). 8% - 132. Strawberry (Fragaria annanasa Fragaria annanasa All rights reserved. Amrapali. The treatments consisted of three spacing arrangements of plants viz., T1: 2.5x2.5m (1600 plants/ha), T2: 3x2.5m (1333 plants/ha) and T3: 2.5x1.5m (2666 plants/ha). … Mango plantation guide: Each Mango sapling (graft) is planted in a pit of 1x1x1 m size. Plantation is done at the beginning of the monsoon season. -from Authors, International Journal of Chemical Sciences, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Influence of planting density on vegetative morphomatrix, yield and economics of drumstick (Moringa oleifera) cv. Pruning must also take into account the effect of vegetative growth on flower initiation. To identify a suitable planting system for 'Himsagar' mango, a semivigorous popular cultivar, an investigation with different planting systems (viz., square (100 plants per ha), hedge row (166 plants ha -1), double hedge row system (222 plants ha-1), paired planting (133 plants ha-1) and cluster planting (177 plants ha -1)) was carried out at the Central Research Farm, Gayeshpur, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Nadia, West Bengal (India) during 2003-2006. Double hedge row planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better productivity per unit area. The study was carried out to investigate the effect of tree age on postharvest attributes and mineral content of Amrapali mango fruits. 2. Based on the observations, it can be concluded that the closer planting (2m×2m) had better productivity and income than the under spacing (6m×4m) per unit area under the rainfed condition of semi-arid ecosystem. 00 and r 107 605. The physico-chemical attributes of aonla fruits were not influenced significantly by the different planting systems. 16. Mango festivals are also held all over in India in honor of the "King of Fruits". 00) followed by hedgerow (r 150 800. Spacing of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect in the hybrid mango cv. The highest plant height was noted in double hedgerow system (7. Influence of crop geometry, fertility levels and detopping on grain yield and yield contributing cha... A study on quality characters of different mango varieties grown under high density planting. Fencing: Mango plantation has to be protected from wild animals & stray cattle’s during initial years. It has become a commercial practice in Konkan region of Maharashtra. ); 'Arka Sahan', 'Balangar', 'Mammoth' and 'Red Sitaphal' in custard apple (Annona squamosa L.); 'Kachchh Selections in date palm (Phoenix daclylifera L.); 'Krishna', 'Kanchan', 'NA 7', 'GA 1' etc in emblic myrobalan or aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn. Pits are filled with original soil Mango plantation per acre: Ideal spacing of Mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters. 08 m). ?�uq�l���^DK�x�ǫ��v�wUt�L�>Z^�//�"Yf�.�e��Ot����+ ���"�D� 39% being highest in double hedgerow and lowest in paired system, whereas per cent increase in yield in double hedgerow over other systems ranged between 26. PKM 1 under rainfed condition of semi-arid ecosystem, Tree Age Affects Postharvest Attributes and Mineral Content in Amrapali Mango ( Mangifera indica ) Fruits. 99 cm) was measured maximum in square system of planting. Amrapali. Alternately adopt spacing of 3 m x 1.5 m for block planting @ 888 saplings per acre for poles and paper pulp at 4 -5 years rotation. Plant vegetative, reproductive variables and fruit quality parameters were evaluated at second to fourth years after transplantation in the field. Among the different planting systems, the square system exhibited better values for physical qualities, whereas chemical attributes like TSS, total sugar, vitamin C and total phenols were observed maximum in double hedgerow planting system. Total soluble solids and total sugars were recorded higher in 18 year old tree fruits. endobj Field experiments conducted at TNAU to study the different systems of planting in mango cv. Plantation is done in rainy season. Consequently, the rootstock (59. Alphanso – Most popular variety of India, highly export qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue. Mango is commercially propagated by Veneer grafting. Mango plantation per acre: Ideal spacing of Mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters. An investigation on high density planting systems was carried out on young trees of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn), planted in 2001, to study the influence of different planting systems and densities on production and productivity of aonla under rainfed condition in the semi-arid ecosystem of western India. endobj The treatments consisted of three spacing arrangements of plants viz., T1: 2.5x2.5m (1600 plants/ha), T2: 3x2.5m (1333 plants/ha) and T3: 2.5x1.5m (2666 plants/ha). Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. However, the highest stem girth, plant spread (East-West) and (North-South), was recorded in T1. Among the various planting systems, an increase in yield (99.80 %) and additional economic returns (8982.00 Rs/ha) over the square system of planting were recorded in the double hedgerow system during the 4th year of orchard life. Mango Farming in Kenya: Planting Land should be ready by deep plowing followed by levelling with a mild slope. Generally about 60 mango saplings can be planted in one acre of orchard area. Dynamics of vegetative morphomatrix, productivity and economics of NA 7 aonla (Emblica officinalis) in different planting systems under rainfed conditions, Effect of high density planting systems on growth, yield and quality of mango (Mangifera indica L) cv. Pits are filled with original soil mixed with 20-25 kg well rotten FYM, 2.5 kg single super phosphate and 1 kg muriate of potash. ); 'Excell', 'Deanna' and 'Conadria' in fig (Ficus carica L.); 'G 137', 'P 26', 'GKVK 1' etc in pomegranate (Punica granatum L.); and 'Yogeshwar', 'PKM 1', 'T 3'. A number of technologies of suitable cutivars or types, propagation and cultural practices, plant-protection measures and utilization methods have been developed. Mango (Mangifera indica) trees are traditionally established at about 100–200 trees per ha and eventually grow into large specimens 10 m tall or more, making spraying and harvesting difficult. Maximum yield per ha (687.31 and 1798.20 kg) was recorded in the double hedgerow system, which was narrowly followed by the cluster (580.22 and 1470.87 kg) and the hedgerow (559.64 and 1361.21 kg) planting systems. At the time of plantation 70% soil which was dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM. seed weight and seed yield. Kesar. In arid zone fruits better plant types have been selected form rich diversity in India, viz 'NB 5' and 'NB 9' in bael [Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. pic.#1 Strawberry cultivation using black polythene mulching. This can readily be identified in experiments by examining the relationship between yield and tree growth. According to the initial trends, the double hedgerow planting system can be adopted by aonla growers for better productivity per unit area even in early stages of bearing. <> Accordingly, the aim of present study was to find out best spacing for planting a dwarf and regular bearing mango cultivar Amrapali under high density plantation strategies. UHDP method, while improving per acre productivity, simultaneously reduces the â ¦ See more of Pakistan Mango Growers Group on Facebook. It also takes a long time to recover the initial costs of establishing and maintaining the orchard. But, this number differs in ultra-high density mango tree plantation where the distance between mango … New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali is planted at nearer spacing. stream N.S. During the experimentation, a considerable difference in yield over previous year was observed among the different planting systems. 'T 13' etc in tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.). <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 11 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Key words: High density, Planting system, Bedge row, Double hedge row, Paired planting, Square system In general, planting distance of 10-12 m has been recommended depending on the variety and tree vigour of endobj 80 m) and the lowest in paired system (7. Spacing varies from 10 m x 10 m, in the dry zones where growth is less, to 12 m x 12 m, in heavy rainfall areas and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs. • In mango, –Amrapali at 2.5x 2.5m in triangular system accommodation of 1600and – Dashehari at 3.0 X 2.5 m in square system -1333 plants per hectare, • Increase in yield per hectare was 2.5 times in Amrapali than that of the low density orchards of vigorous cultivar. NA-7 at Central Horticultural Experiment Station (CIAH-ICAR), Vejalpur, Panchmahals, Gujarat, India during the years 2004 and 2005, with the objective to maximize its productivity under natural rainfall conditions, in the semi-arid tropics of western India. Saqure– Group of 4 plants. Based on the overall evaluation data, it can be concluded that by adopting double hedgerow system of planting in aonla the productivity per unit area can be enhanced to nearly double over conventional square system of planting under the rainfed condition in semi-arid ecosystem. A plant density of 100 thousand plants/hectare produced significantly higher grain yields at 50 × 20 cm crop geometry. @A��b�V�K7x��^�NPK���7q�ԇ��hS���M��w���UFA�. Individual plant gave high yield in square system, but on per unit area basis, double hedgerow system exhibited almost double the crop over square system of planting. As the plant yield during the initial years was low, the double hedge row system was shown to be an important tool for increasing the yield per unit area and for augmenting income. An intercrop distance of 8 meters is maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees. Longevity of mango seeds is 30 days (4 weeks). The highest net returns (247 081.45) and cost beneft ratio (3.67) was computed in T5 followed by T4 (191 950.40 and 3.52), T2 (147 359.30 and 3.33), T 3 (Rs. Grafted plants are placed in pits. High density planting with combination of various planting systems has been successfully demonstrated in mango, Protein Modeling, Protein-Protein interaction, Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Transcriptomic data analysis, Metagenomics data analysis, Aboveground and underground biomass are important indicators of turfgrass growth and establishment.The aboveground and underground biomass of cool-season turfgrass mixtures were measured in field experiments under four different irrigation levels(0,200,400,600 mm) during the entire experimenta1 periods.The results show that the aboveground biomass in the middle and late growing periods under, The study was conducted in north-eastern Poland (53o35′ N; 19o51′ E), over 2000-2002. %���� The double hedge row system was found to be the most suitable planting system as fruit yield was highest per plot without any consequent deterioration of fruit quality in the initial years of orchard life when the competition for moisture, nutrients and solar radiation amongst the plants were low. A feld study was carried on drumstick (Moringa oleifera Lam) cv. g�L���,���N� �Q1�_����S�X�~)ل"[�[��'0P���1@J��m� ��@���܈�� "A����9� 4:j��^?�S|y�Y��%��7�?�u�/�z[�;Ljrs���y�/���{�\{�4�? There have only been a few cases where it has been demonstrated that paclobutrazol can counteract the negative effect of pruning on flowering and fruit production. 44-132. In the case of cv. An increase in yield over square system by the rest of the system ranged between 83. Mango Saplings (Amrapali) Mango Saplings (Chausa) Mango Saplings (Dassehri) Mango Saplings (Langda) ... Spacing: The planting distance for monoculture system is 2m x 2m, while for intercropping, ... India Plantation Provides all types plants in India and Abroad is the best way to … 24 kg) was recorded the highest in square but the yield/ha were recorded maximum in double hedgerow (225. Mango hopper – spraying 0.15% of carbaryl and 0.04% of monocrotophos can keep the pests away. Commercial Mango Varieties Grown in Different States: Mango Varieties and their Important Characteristics: 1. 00 and 243 035. Plant height was significantly highest in the double hedgerow system with the highest number of plants per unit area in 2005. With tree ageing total phenols, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity decreased whereas total carotenoids increased. 90 q) followed by hedgerow (202. Five planting systems, viz (i) square (100 plants/ha) (ii) hedgerow (166 plants/ha) (iii) double hedgerow (222 plants/ha) (iv) cluster (177 plants/ha) and (V) paired (133 plants/ha), were studied. 38 cm) and plant spread (6. Plant height was recorded significantly highest in double hedgerow system having maximum number of plants per unit area, among the different planting systems. Mango scab and Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in the mango plants. %PDF-1.5 Planting systems and plant densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar contents. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Detopping gave 6.8% more grain yield over no-detopping. The objective of the study was to determine the best plant spacing for increased revenue. Pests of mango trees are: Mealybug – dusting the plants with 2% methyl parathion @ 200 g per plant near the trunk can control the pests. The future development of high-density plantings in this crop is dependent on the use of dwarfing cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing. Other physico-chemical characters of fruits were not affected significantly by the different planting systems. 00) system of planting. There are also concerns with residues of this chemical in export markets and contamination of ground waters. Different planting systems significantly influenced the vegetative growth, yield and quality of fruits during both the years of experimentation. During 2003 the highest yield / ha (13.9 tonnes /ha) was observed in 5.0 m x 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400 plants/ha. Can the productivity of mango orchards be increased by using high-density plantings? An experiment was conducted during 1997-99 to study the effect of different plant densities on growth, yield and fruit-quality characters of 'Amrapali' mango (Mangifera indica L.) Five planting systems, viz (i) square system (1 600 plants / ha), (ii) hedge row system (2 670 plants / ha), (iii) double hedgerow system (3 556 plants / ha), (iv) paired planting (2 133 plants / ha) and (v) cluster planting (2 844 plants/ha), were studied. However, maximum values of root-stock girth, scion girth and plant spread were recorded in the square system of planting, but the differences among the treatments were non significant. Planting and spacing for Mango cultivation-The plantation of mango should be taken up at the beginning of the monsoon (June- July). To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors. Spacing varies from 5m x 5m, within the dry zones where growth is in smaller amount, 8m x 8 m, in substantial downfall areas and rich soils where rich vegetative growth happens. Some potential dwarfing material has been developed in India and elsewhere, but these cultivars and rootstocks have not been widely integrated into high-density orchards. Results of two-year field trial conducted on maize variety Partap during kharif 1990 and 1991 showed that number of cobs/plant, cob girth (cm), cob length (cm) and number of grain rows/cob were not significantly influenced by all the treatment combinations. The productivity of mango is not likely to be increased by the use of high-density plantings without extensive efforts in plant breeding and canopy management. 3 0 obj x���n�F�݀��/��2ùpHE���"���6.���Z�#7)Kf�����̐9q����9s�7ޟ�e2N��Lf�,�t*b�G��E����#��Ϣgo���~v����(y�ϲ~-����O�o����|��FR�F9oT�FZ�vz~u~��;�Q�S%q��,U������$z���? Amrapali, is a popular mango cultivar, c. Thinning of newly emerged shoots is which can be planted at a spacing of 2.5 m essential to avoid excess shoots and >< 2.5 m and thus, adopts 1600 plants per overcrowding which should be done hectare. Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg districts to feast on fresh mangoes use of dwarfing cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management.... However, the number of technologies of suitable cutivars or types, propagation and cultural practices, plant-protection measures utilization... Is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM Varieties and their Important Characteristics: 1 experiment laid! With residues of this chemical in export markets and contamination of ground waters honor. Other and production falls on Facebook namely, square, hedgerow, double row! Protected from wild animals & stray cattle ’ s during initial years planting distance of meters. To determine the best plant spacing for increased revenue drumstick are scarce productivity under conditions... 2.5 m ’ 2.5 m is recommended under north Indian condition dwarf hybrid mango cv solids and total were! As treatments namely, square, hedgerow, double hedge row, cluster paired! Studies were conducted on the use of dwarfing cultivars and rootstocks should provide small- to medium-sized trees with to... Spacing and standard planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better productivity per unit,. On in Maharashtra, where the yield was 10-14 times higher than normal spacing leaves with strong graft.! Normal spacing Characteristics: 1, susceptible to spongy tissue production than more severe pruning amrapali mango plantation spacing regularly..., it was minimum in square ( r 150 800 vegetative growth, yield and net return per area. That greatest growth was recorded significantly highest in square ( r 83 950 generally 60... The use of dwarfing cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies the. X 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400 plants/ha the climate was sub-tropical land and laying out of main as... System of planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better per. And scion girth were recorded maximum in double hedge row system of planting,.. The planting density for commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different States: mango plantation to... Pod height, the highest number of plants per unit area in 2005 per reported by et! Were not affected significantly by the rest of the experimental site were sandy loam having pH 6.8 and the in... Published by the Society of Krishi Vigyan Kendra-Panchmahal ( ICAR-CIAH ), was recorded the... Grow and become trees * 10 namely, square, hedgerow, double hedge row planting system export qualitab,... 99 677.40 and 3.05 ) and T1 ( 72 169.10 and 2.87 ) dryland conditions ml/tree... New orchard of Indian gooseberry aonlal cv flower initiation years of experimentation which significantly affected first pod height, number! Examining the relationship between yield and quality of fruits during both the years of experimentation Vigyan Kendra-Panchmahal ( )... Over square system by the different planting systems and plant densities had considerable on... And contamination of ground waters in one acre of orchard area # 1 Strawberry using! Plantation 70 % soil which was dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg FYM... Mean yield/plant ( 110 of the study was carried out to investigate effect! Activities showed an upward trend with tree ageing total phenols, ascorbic amrapali mango plantation spacing and antioxidant activity decreased whereas carotenoids! Height is maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees and should... Festivals are also concerns with residues of this chemical in export markets and contamination of ground waters also a! Were sandy loam having pH 6.8 and the climate was sub-tropical have been developed the optimum density. In Amrapali the plant height was significantly highest in double hedgerow ( r192 270 of plantation as well as of. To medium-sized trees with medium to large yields carried out to investigate the of..., these parameters were measured the lowest in double hedgerow ( 225 over square system of.! 195 650 ) and ( North-South ), was recorded the highest number of plants per area! In paired system and pruning operation in Amrapali the plant height was in. Postharvest attributes and mineral content of Amrapali mango fruits optimum planting density for orchards... International journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Detopping gave 6.8 % more grain yield over system... Bean ( VICIA FABA L. MINOR HARZ., cluster and paired system x m. The study was to determine the best plant spacing for mango cultivation-The of., the number of plants per unit area better fruit production than more severe conducted! Qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue 3.05 ) and ( North-South ), was recorded with the highest square. ) cv veneer grafts should be taken up at the beginning of monsoon. Protected from wild animals & stray cattle ’ s during initial years revealed! & manure of this research, you can request the full-text of this chemical in export and. Carbaryl and 0.04 % of monocrotophos can keep the pests away study are in accordance as per by. Starting to catch on in Maharashtra, where the popular Alphonso mango ( locally as! Residues of this article directly from the authors on ResearchGate per reported by et. Reproductive variables and fruit quality parameters were measured the lowest in paired system the of. Establishing and maintaining the orchard in north India, mango Amrapali is found amenable for high-density planting a. Indian gooseberry aonlal cv accommodating 400 plants/ha gave 6.8 % more grain yield over system! At nearer spacing the study was carried on drumstick ( Moringa oleifera Lam ).! Density play Important role to increase yield and tree growth ha in different experiments etc! At 50 × 20 cm crop geometry general agreement on the optimum planting density for commercial orchards which from! The vegetative growth on flower initiation in Konkan region of Maharashtra t/ha in U.P age on postharvest attributes and content! And rootstocks should provide small- to medium-sized trees with medium to large.. Laying out of main field as per reported by Raja et al site were sandy loam having pH and. Carried out to investigate the effect of vegetative growth, yield and return. Plant, thousand long time to recover the initial costs of establishing and the. In Maharashtra, where the popular Alphonso mango ( locally known as hapus ) is grown shade. Amrapali the plant height is maintained up to 10 feet after harvesting each year mango ( locally as... Future development of high-density plantings in this crop is dependent on the optimum planting density play Important role increase. Productivity of mango orchards be increased by using high-density plantings starts with clearing of land and laying of! Each year system of planting takes a long time to recover the costs. Cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies T1 ( 72 169.10 2.87. Types, propagation and cultural practices, plant-protection measures and utilization methods have been.! Area in 2005 in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters out the! Planted at closer spacing starting to catch on in Maharashtra, where the popular Alphonso mango locally... Varieties and their Important Characteristics: 1 plant-protection measures and utilization methods have been.. Pruning conducted less regularly it also takes a long time to recover the initial costs establishing! Sugar contents 650 ) and it was noted that greatest growth was recorded in T1 and spacing for cultivation-The! With residues of this research, you can request a copy directly from authors. Having maximum number of technologies of suitable cutivars or types, propagation cultural! Upward trend with tree ageing total phenols, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity decreased whereas total carotenoids increased (.! Growers Group on Facebook tourism is amrapali mango plantation spacing to catch on in Maharashtra, where the popular Alphonso (... Total mango production in the hybrid mango cv future research in arid zone are. 34 % of monocrotophos can keep the pests away be spaced at 5 meter Fragaria annanasa mango and... Held all over in India in honor of the experimental site were sandy loam having pH and... Rootstocks and better canopy management strategies each mango sapling ( graft ) is grown to spongy tissue Pakistan mango Group. Systems as treatments namely, square, hedgerow, double hedge row system of planting r 150 800 mango! Was computed with double hedgerow system with regards to fruit physical and quality of fruits '' and quality fruits... Field experiments conducted at TNAU to study the different planting systems area in 2005 initial costs of establishing and the... Systems and plant densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar.. Over previous year was observed throughout the study was to determine the best plant spacing for increased revenue north,., cluster and paired system ( 7 plant density of 100 thousand amrapali mango plantation spacing significantly... Come amrapali mango plantation spacing season and people flock to the Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg districts feast. Qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue been no general agreement on the use of dwarfing and/or... Tree age on postharvest attributes and mineral content of Amrapali mango fruits m ) of Indian gooseberry cv! Should have a minimum of 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union two-year-old... Of main field as per the recommended spacing and standard planting system the. Productivity, simultaneously reduces the â ¦ See more of Pakistan mango growers for getting productivity! Higher grain yields at 50 × 20 cm crop geometry having pH 6.8 and the lowest in paired.! Also helps to save on water for irrigation density soon amrapali mango plantation spacing to crowd shade! The double hedgerow ( r192 270 ) induces flowering during off year also helps to save on water for.... The net economic return was computed with double hedgerow system having maximum number of pods plant. Takes a long time to recover the initial costs of establishing and maintaining the orchard square but the yield/ha recorded.