The mouthparts of the Face Fly are fleshy and blunt and do not protrude straight from the head like a bayonet, as do those of the Horn Fly and Stable Fly. Figure 1. The larvae are small yellowish-white maggots. Unlike House Flies, Face Flies do not enter darkened barns or stables during the summer months. House- and stable flies are attracted to scent lures, such as sugar or manure. Just make sure the layer is thin enough that it dries quickly in the sun. Discussion on Face flies Author: Message: Member: scooter Posted on Friday, Jun 27, 2008 - 7:37 am: I have a dillema, Hank hates face flies to the point of when riding him he grunts and jerks his head and/or head tosses when one lights on him. It also produces a strong odor that flies dislike and promotes an alkaline pH in the body, while flies are attracted to acidic environments. Are the flies bothering your horses? This summer/fall I noticed that on particular days, the flies seemed to be noticeably bad on my horses, which is normal - but they'd be all over their faces, in their eyes, etc. • Remove wet bedding as diligently as you do the manure. Face Flies are now resistant to many pesticides, Consult your local Veterinarian or farm extension agent for effective control methods in your area, Note: not all flies on the face of your animals may be Face Flies. But keeping up with these basic chores will go a long way toward reducing their numbers. Stable flies prefer bright sunny areas and tend not to enter dark enclosures. • Release beneficial predators. Horn Flies overwinter as puparia (in the cocoon) beneath cow pats and emerge the next spring as adults. They are most abundant in forested areas with slow-moving waterways, such as streams, lakes or canals, in which they lay their eggs. In the female, the abdomen has little yellow or orange on the sides but, in the male, the sides of are yellowish-orange to orange-brown. • Out in the pasture, make sure horses have a well-shaded run-in shed that offers refuge from flies that like sunlight. The misery of the horse - The life of the bot fly. Their activity around the animals’ eyes allows face flies to serve as vectors of eye disorders such as pinkeye which may cause permanent damage and vision loss if unnoticed and left untreated. Image of closeup, equestrian, detail - 191102165 Fill in potholes, clean clogged gutters, repair leaking plumbing and pick up unused items, such as flower pots, old tires and toys, that can collect rain. Consult your local Veterinarian or farm extension agent for effective control methods in your area. Animals become so annoyed that they may injure themselves while attempting to dislodge the flies. During very hot or rainy weather, the flies move to the underside of the belly. During warmer days in the early spring, some Face Flies may come out of their hiding places in the attic and walls and appear on south-facing windows. All Rights Reserved. I don't want any diseases or problems, so I purchased a brand of Pyranha fly spray - which was recommended to be for being a little stronger, longer-lasting product, especially for the show season. • Eliminate stagnant water where flies breed. Face flies can be found on … These tiny wasps or nematodes can be purchased from farm and garden suppliers. They feed primarily on bright, sunny days and prefer not to fly into dark enclosures. The face fly is a pest of range cattle; it is not seen in feedlot situations and thus is not a parasite of confined cattle. They look like small, white, sand particles and can be found anywhere on the horse. Even when their not in a horses sensitive area, their sheer numbers are often annoying a horse. The face fly is a non-biting fly that feeds on animal secretions which quickly draws the pest to the horse’s face to feed on tears around the eyes and mucous around the nose and muzzle. But climate conditions vary every season, and different fly species can move into new areas with the changing weather. The face fly, Musca autumnalis (De Geer), is a robust fly that closely resembles the house fly (Figure 1). Fly sticks and tapes lure house- and stable flies onto sticky surfaces that entrap them. Face flies prefer cattle, and breed only in cow manure, but they will also land on horses pastured within a quarter mile. Once on a host, they use their knife-like mouthparts to slice the skin and feed on the blood pool that is created. Or Biting flies who process mouth parts to puncture the skin and create more intense itch problem, swelling and pain, whilst the bigger Horse flies actually slash the skin to feed. • Face flies do not bite, but they congregate on the face to feed on saliva, tears and mucus. We’ve all been fighting these winged pests for years and know what to do. windows. A good rule of thumb for spreading is one horse's manure for every f… Also implicated as a vector of the bacterium Corynebacterium pyogenes which causes mastitis. flies-on-horses-face. • Blackflies inflict painful bites, usually on sparsely haired areas, such as the ears and genitals. Face Flies superficially look like House Flies but they lay their eggs only on fresh cattle manure in fields. Feed-through fly control products, added to each horse’s feed, pass harmlessly through his system but then kill any insect larvae hatched in the manure. A fly mask is a fitted, mesh barrier worn on your horse’s head that can very effectively protect their eyes from flies and other insects. Large numbers of flies (more than 200 per animal) cause lower weight gains and milk yields. They breed in moist, decaying vegetable matter, including garbage, hay and grass clippings as well as manure. All illustrations 2006 Dr. Roy Ellis. Repellents, which are often marketed as “all natural” alternatives to the insecticides, contain strong-smelling oils, such as citronella, cedar or tea tree. Fly sprays are common, and many brands are available, but most contain similar active ingredients. Both can be sprayed in the pastures too which is needed to cut down on the local breeding cycle. When sprinkled on manure or other breeding areas, they hatch and parasitize immature flies to reduce the number that reach adulthood. Face flies overwinter as adults and become active in early spring through late autumn. 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